Persistent viral infection affects tumorigenicity of a neuroblastoma cell line

A. Schattner, B. Rager-Zisman, B. R. Bloom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

A mouse neuroblastoma cell line (clone NS20Y) is highly tumorigenic in syngeneic A/J mice. When this clone was persistently infected with measles virus (NS20Y/MS) it failed to grow or form tumors in conventional A/J or nude mice, even when large numbers of cells were inoculated. As doubling time, serum dependence, and anchorage-independent growth on agar did not differ significantly between NS20Y and NS20Y/MS, lack of tumorigenicity of the persistently infected cells is unlikely to be due to an intrinsic property of the cells. NS20Y/MS cells were found to be effectively rejected in athymic nude as well as conventional syngeneic mice. However, injection of mice with either anti-interferon or anti-asialo GM1 serum, both of which have been shown to deplete natural killer (NK) cells in vivo, enabled NS20Y/MS cells to form large tumors. Unexpectedly, treatment of mice with silica also allowed the NS20Y/MS cells to form tumors. Under these conditions, it was shown that silica caused a significant decrease in NK activity as late as 7 days after a single injection. Although NS20Y/MS were not susceptible to NK cell lysis in vitro, the in vivo data suggest that NK cells are in fact the prime mechanism in the rejection of this persistently virus-infected neuroblastoma cell line by athymic and conventional syngeneic mice. The results indicate that NK activity may be greater or more sensitively detected in vivo than in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-114
Number of pages12
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1985
Externally publishedYes

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