PGE2 up-regulates EGF-like growth factor biosynthesis in human granulosa cells: New insights into the coordination between PGE2 and LH in ovulation

I. Ben-Ami, S. Freimann, L. Armon, A. Dantes, D. Strassburger, S. Friedler, A. Raziel, R. Seger, R. Ron-El, A. Amsterdam

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57 Scopus citations

Abstract

LH and prostaglandin E2(PGE2) share many similar effects on the pre-ovulatory follicle. They can induce independently cumulus expansion, the resumption of meiosis and progesterone production. However, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors were found to hinder most of the LH-induced effects. Recently, EGF-like growth factors amphiregulin (Ar) and epiregulin (Ep) were found to be produced in response to LH stimulation and to induce cumulus expansion and oocyte maturation. We aimed at evaluating whether PGE22 induces Ar and Ep syntheses in human granulosa cells and whether the inhibition of PGE2 production by selective COX-2 inhibitor, nimesulide, affects LH-induced Ar and Ep biosynthesis. Ar and Ep mRNA levels increased following PGE2 stimulation, in a dose- and time-dependent manner, which resembled those of LH. The blockade of protein kinase A (PKA) (by H89) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) (by UO126) reduced the expression of PGE2-induced Ar and Ep biosynthesis. Although the stimulation of the cells with LH in the presence of nimesulide did not change the progesterone levels, it resulted in a significant reduction of Ar and Ep biosynthesis. In conclusion, PGE2 may mimic LH action, at least in part, by the induction of Ar and Ep biosynthesis, which involves cAMP/PKA and MAPK pathways. The negative effect of nimesulide on the ovulatory process may be due to the reduction of Ar and Ep biosynthesis, which implies a possible collaborative role between PGE2 and LH on their induction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-599
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Human Reproduction
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amphiregulin
  • Epiregulin
  • LH
  • Oocyte maturation
  • PGE

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