Phase-modulation effects on the spectrum of third-harmonic generation

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We calculate the spectrum of third-harmonic generation (THG) for multimode fundamental input fields. We consider input fields from (1) a laser with gain on several cavity modes, (2) pulses with short temporal duration, and (3) frequency-modulated input fields. The effects of phase modulation in the nonlinear medium on the spectrum of the THG field are considered. Using the estimates by Miles and Harris [IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 470 (1973)] for the nonlinear susceptibilities (3)(-3;,,) and (3)(-;,-,) in alkali-metal vapors, we find that phase modulation can profoundly affect the efficiency and the spectrum of the THG. Generally, the self-phase modulation of the fundamental will tend to reduce the phase matching of an intense fundamental field and the third harmonic and thereby lower the conversion efficiency. New frequencies not contained in the set of frequencies 1i+1j+1k, where {1i} are frequencies in the fundamental laser spectrum, are created even at relatively low conversion due to phase modulation. Effects of cross phase modulation are also studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5530-5536
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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