Phases’ characteristics of poultry litter hydrothermal carbonization under a range of process parameters

Vivian Mau, Julie Quance, Roy Posmanik, Amit Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this work was to study the hydrothermal carbonization of poultry litter under a range of process parameters. Experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of HTC of poultry litter under a range of operational parameters (temperature, reaction time, and solids concentration) on the formation and characteristics of its phases. Results showed production of a hydrochar with caloric value of 24.4 MJ/kg, similar to sub-bituminous coal. The gaseous phase consisted mainly of CO2. However, significant amounts of H2S dictate the need for (further) treatment. The process also produced an aqueous phase with chemical characteristics suggesting its possible use as a liquid fertilizer. Temperature had the most significant effect on processes and product formation. Solids concentration was not a significant factor once dilution effects were considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-642
Number of pages11
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume219
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Energy efficiency
  • Gas emission
  • Hydrothermal carbonization
  • Liquid fertilizer
  • Solid fuel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Phases’ characteristics of poultry litter hydrothermal carbonization under a range of process parameters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this