Phenolic constituents of shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) kernels

Steven Maranz, Zeev Wiesman, Nissim Garti

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    72 Scopus citations


    Analysis of the phenolic constituents of shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) kernels by LC-MS revealed eight catechin compounds-gallic acid, catechin, epicatechin, epicatechin gallate, gallocatechin, epigallocatechin, gallocatechin gallate, and epigallocatechin gallate-as well as quercetin and trans-cinnamic acid. The mean kernel content of the eight catechin compounds was 4000 ppm (0.4% of kernel dry weight), with a 2100-9500 ppm range. Comparison of the profiles of the six major catechins from 40 Vitellaria provenances from 10 African countries showed that the relative proportions of these compounds varied from region to region. Gallic acid was the major phenolic compound, comprising an average of 27% of the measured total phenols and exceeding 70% in some populations. Colorimetric analysis (101 samples) of total polyphenols extracted from shea butter into hexane gave an average of 97 ppm, with the values for different provenances varying between 62 and 135 ppm of total polyphenols.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6268-6273
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
    Issue number21
    StatePublished - 8 Oct 2003


    • Africa
    • Antioxidants
    • Gallic acid
    • Green tea catechins
    • LC-MS
    • Shea butter

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Chemistry
    • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


    Dive into the research topics of 'Phenolic constituents of shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) kernels'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this