Physical Rehabilitation of Motor Functional Neurological Disorders: A Narrative Review

Ayelet N. Kelmanson, Leonid Kalichman, Iuly Treger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Functional Neurological Disorders (FNDs) are one of the most common and disabling neurological disorders, affecting approximately 10–30% of patients in neurology clinics. FNDs manifest as a range of motor, sensory, and cognitive symptoms that are not explained by organic disease. This narrative review aims to assess the current state of knowledge in physical-based rehabilitation for motor/movement FNDs in the adult population, with the goal of improving research and medical care for this patient population. To ensure optimal outcomes for patients, it is critical to consider several domains pertaining to FNDs, including which field of discipline they should belong to, how to investigate and test, methods for rating outcome measures, and optimal courses of treatment. In the past, FNDs were primarily treated with psychiatric and psychological interventions. However, recent literature supports the inclusion of physical rehabilitation in the treatment of FNDs. Specifically, physical-based approaches tailored to FNDs have shown promising results. This review utilized a comprehensive search of multiple databases and inclusion criteria to identify relevant studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5793
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number10
StatePublished - 11 May 2023


  • conversion disorder
  • functional motor disorders
  • functional neurological disorders
  • medical care
  • physical rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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