Physicians' knowledge and attitudes regarding periconceptional folic acid supplementation: A survey in Southern Israel

Talab Abu-Hammad, Jacob Dreiher, Daniel A. Vardy, Arnon D. Cohen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background: Pre-conceptional folic acid supplementation is an effective way to reduce the incidence of neural tube defects (NTDs). Primary care providers are an important source of information to promote folic acid intake. This study aimed at evaluating primary care physicians' knowledge and attitudes regarding folic acid supplementation for childbearing women. Material/Methods: A questionnaire on physicians' knowledge and attitudes, mostly including multiple-choice questions, was delivered by mail to all physicians (n=370) in a large health provider organization in southern Israel in 2006. Data regarding demographics as well as type of specialty, experience, and place of work were collected. Results: Eighty-seven physicians were included in the study (response rate: 24%). Seventy physicians out of 81 (94%) reported routine recommendation of folic acid for their patients. Most physicians admitted that they needed more information regarding folic acid supplementation. Knowledge about folic acid's role in preventing congenital anomalies was suboptimal, with 2% of the physicians correctly estimating the efficacy of folic acid in decreasing the risk of NTDs and 8% recognizing the association between folic acid supplementation and decreased prevalence of malformations other than NTDs. Knowledge about the correct timing (12%) and dosage (47%) of folic acid preparations for average-risk women was also lacking. Conclusions: Primary care physicians report that they routinely prescribe folic acid to women in childbearing age in order to prevent congenital anomalies, but their knowledge about folic acid supplementation is insufficient.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)CR262-CR267
    JournalMedical Science Monitor
    Volume14
    Issue number5
    StatePublished - 1 May 2008

    Keywords

    • Bedouins
    • Folic acid
    • Healthcare provider
    • Neural tube defects
    • Pre-conceptional care

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