Plasma renin activity after acute heat exposure in nonacclimatized and naturally acclimatized man

J. P.M. Finberg, M. Katz, H. Gazit, G. M. Berlyne

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plasma renin activity (PRA) in residents of a semidesert zone was determined before and after exposure to high ambient temperature (50°C dry bulb, relative humidity 30%) for 90 min, by walking on a level treadmill at 4.7 km/h. These conditions caused a pronounced elevation of PRA, which was greater in the winter months that at the end of summer. No change occurred in PRA following the same treadmill walk at 25°C. The increase in PRA on heat exposure was not related to the degree of sweat loss, but was linearly correlated with the final heart rate. The degree of physiological strain produced was greater in winter than in summer. The increase in PRA was partially, but not completely, suppressed by replacing water and sodium chloride in advance of loss. Increased PRA in heat is suggested to be a result of sweat sodium loss, and renal nerve stimulation, which reflects the general visceral vasoconstriction compensating for extensive peripheral vasodilatation. Additionally, a reduction in splanchnic blood flow could lead to a reduced hepatic clearance of renin, resulting in a passive elevation of PRA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-523
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1974
Externally publishedYes

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