Asian Indians are reported to have higher mortality and morbidity from coronary artery disease (CAD) than other ethnic groups. This variation in events cannot be explained only by differences in conventional risk factors. Platelet activation is an important factor in the pathogenesis of CAD, however, there are limited data concerning platelet reactivity in Asian Indians. Therefore, we aimed to examine platelet reactivity in healthy Asian Indians vs. Caucasians. Thirty-five healthy, nonsmoking Asian Indians (mean age 30.1 ± 3.6 years, 31.4% women) were matched for age and sex with 35 healthy, nonsmoking Caucasians (mean age 30.8 ± 5 years, 31.4% women). Platelet reactivity was evaluated by measuring platelet aggregation, platelet leukocyte aggregates (PLA) formation in response to a 6-mer thrombin receptor agonist peptide (TRAP) at a final concentration of 40 μM and flow cytometry determined P-selectin expression induced by ADP, TRAP and arachidonic acid (AA). In addition, P-Selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) density on leukocytes was measured. There were no differences in platelet aggregation, basal PLA or PSGL-1 density on leukocytes between the two groups. AA-stimulated P-selectin expression was significantly higher in Asian Indians than in Caucasians (6.1 ± 0.51 vs. 4.2 ± 0.41 MFI, P < 0.02). After stimulation with TRAP, platelets from Asian Indians had increased PLA formation compared with Caucasians (41.6 ± 2.9% vs. 31.4 ± 2.7%, P < 0.02). AA induced P-selectin expression and TRAP stimulated PLA formation is increased in Asian Indians compared with Caucasians. These differences indicate an increase in measures of platelet reactivity among Asian Indians and may help elucidate the reported disparity in cardiovascular disease rates between the two ethnic groups.
- Asian Indians
- Coronary artery disease