Point-of-care surface plasmon resonance biosensor for stroke biomarkers NT-proBNP and s100β using a functionalized gold chip with specific antibody

Dorin Harpaz, Brescia Koh, Robert S. Marks, Raymond C.S. Seet, Ibrahim Abdulhalim, Alfred I.Y. Tok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Surface-plasmon-resonance (SPR) is a quantum-electromagnetic phenomenon arising from the interaction of light with free electrons at a metal-dielectric interface. At a specific angle/wavelength of light, the photon’s energy is transferred to excite the oscillation of the free electrons on the surface. A change in the refractive-index (RI) may occur, which is influenced by the analyte concentration in the medium in close contact with the metal surface. SPR has been widely used for the detection of gaseous, liquid, or solid samples. In this study, a functionalized specific SPR chip was designed and used in a novel point-of-care SPR module (PhotonicSys SPR H5) for the detection of the stroke biomarkers NT-proBNP and S100β. These biomarkers have proven to be good for stroke diagnosis, with sensitivity and specificity of >85%. Specific detection was done by binding a biomolecular-recognizing antibody onto the Au SPR-chip. Detection was tested in water and plasma samples. NT-proBNP and S100β were detected in a range of concentrations for stroke, from 0.1 ng/mL to 10 ng/mL. The RI of the blank plasma samples was 1.362412, and the lowest concentration tested for both biomarkers showed a prominent shift in the RI signal (0.25 ng/mL NT-proBNP (1.364215) and S100β (1.364024)). The sensor demonstrated a clinically relevant limit-of-detection of less than ng/mL.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2533
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Au SPR-chip
  • Biomarkers
  • Biosensor
  • Diagnostics
  • NT-proBNP
  • Point-of-care
  • Refractive-index
  • S100β
  • Stroke
  • Surface-plasmon-resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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