Policing multicultural states: Lessons from the canadian model

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Policing is a controversial issue in diverse societies where cultures, religions and competing national identities challenge the existing order, and where the police have yet to develop the capabilities to engage with diversity and overcome its own biases and prejudices. Literature and experience point to two central problems of policy with regard to minority relations that can be described as ‘under-policing’ and ‘over-policing’. Thus, minorities can suffer from police neglect of their neighbourhoods, from an aggressive police approach or, at times, from both. As a result, the police can have a legitimacy problem vis-à-vis minority groups that may undermine its efficacy. This research, based on interviews conducted with Canadian police officers and documents collected, identifies three interrelated issues in police adaptation to a multicultural setting: recruitment and training, practices and community involvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-425
Number of pages15
JournalPolicing and Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008


  • Canada
  • Multiculturalism
  • Over-policing
  • Recruitment
  • Training
  • Under-policing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law


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