Water pollution and air pollution remediation is an important task to avoid their unnecessary impacts on environment and living species. Nowadays, there are several technologies employed to control the water and air pollution. Therefore, the main aim of this book is to provide an overview and future prospect of the pollution control strategies adopted in different sectors including water and air. This book contains 12 chapters and each chapter has its own purpose to discuss the current scenario of control technologies in remediation of various toxic metal ions, pesticides, micropollutants, radioactive pollutants, and dyes. Moreover, this book highlights the pollution control technologies adopted in food processing and desalination as well. Furthermore, it provides valuable informations about particulate matter air pollution and its control techniques. Overall, this book offers an updated literature for researchers and academicians working in field of water and air pollution and their control techniques.