Poor sleep quality predicts deficient emotion information processing over time in early adolescence

Nirit Soffer-Dudek, Avi Sadeh, Ronald E. Dahl, Shiran Rosenblat-Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objectives: There is deepening understanding of the effects of sleep on emotional information processing. Emotion information processing is a key aspect of social competence, which undergoes important maturational and developmental changes in adolescence; however, most research in this area has focused on adults. Our aim was to test the links between sleep and emotion information processing during early adolescence. Design: Sleep and facial information processing were assessed objectively during 3 assessment waves, separated by 1-year lags. Setting: Data were obtained in natural environments-sleep was assessed in home settings, and facial information processing was assessed at school. Participants: 94 healthy children (53 girls, 41 boys), aged 10 years at Time 1. Interventions: N/A Measurements and Results: Facial information processing was tested under neutral (gender identification) and emotional (emotional expression identification) conditions. Sleep was assessed in home settings using actigraphy for 7 nights at each assessment wave. Waking > 5 min was considered a night awakening. Using multilevel modeling, elevated night awakenings and decreased sleep efficiency significantly predicted poor performance only in the emotional information processing condition (e.g., b = -1.79, SD = 0.52, confidence interval: lower boundary = -2.82, upper boundary = -0.076, t(416.94) = -3.42, P = 0.001). Conclusions: Poor sleep quality is associated with compromised emotional information processing during early adolescence, a sensitive period in socio-emotional development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1499-1508
Number of pages10
JournalSleep
Volume34
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Actigraphy
  • Development
  • Early adolescence
  • Emotion
  • Facial expressions
  • Puberty
  • Sleep

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