Precisely controlled encapsulation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles in mesoporous carbon nanodisk using iron based MOF precursor for effective dye removal

M. Angamuthu, G. Satishkumar, M. V. Landau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

A facile strategy developed for the fabrication of composite material comprising mesopores and representing an iron oxide core/encapsulated in carbon nanodisk shell using Fe-based MOF as precursor. Catalytic carbonization of Fe2+ coordinated 1,4,5,8 -naphthaleneteracarboxylic dianhydride MOF at 725 °C under N2 atmosphere followed by air treatment at 300 °C yielded Fe3O4 nanoparticles encapsulated in mesoporous carbon matrix (FeMCNA-300). The XRD and N2 adsorption studies confirm the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and mesopores in the carbon matrix, respectively. MOF precursor generates mesopores of narrow pore size distribution without aid of structure directing agent in the carbon shell through straightforward catalytic reduction of core iron oxide. FeMCNA-300 demonstrated outstanding catalytic activity towards the degradation of 150 ppm of methylene blue (MB) dye in water with 84% TOC conversion in 15 min at room temperature. MB and oxidant H2O2 interact with iron oxide nanoparticles through confined mesoporous channel in the FeMCNA-300 carbon nanodisk. This permits the generated OH[rad] at the surface of magnetite nanoparticles to instantly oxidize the MB molecules adsorbed in the close proximity. FeMCNA-300 under ultra-sonication decolourise MB completely with high TOC conversion of about 84% at maximum iron leaching of 2% up to five successive recycles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-68
Number of pages11
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume251
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Core-shell
  • Fe-MOF
  • Iron oxide
  • Mesoporous carbon
  • Methylene blue degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (all)
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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