Prediction of Cn2 on the basis of macroscale meteorology including aerosols

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Abstract

Although optical tubulence is usually modelled with micrometeorology, it is shown here that this can be done successfully too with macrometeorology using meteorological parameters measured with standard weather stations and predicted in standard weather forcasts. This makes it possible to predict Cn2 according to weather forecast Two experimentally-derived models are developed - one for practical use and the other for scientific understanding. Correlation of prediction with measurement is on the order of 90% or more, over large dynamic ranges of meteorological parameters. One interesting aspect of these measurements is the statistical evidence that scintillations are affected by aerosols, particularly under conditions of high total aerosol cross sectional area. This may be attributed possibly to increased refractive index changes encountered by radiation which penetrates through the aerosols. In addition, validity of the models was examined, and experimental comparisons in two very different climates and surface conditions are presented. High correlation is found in both cases between prediction and measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-50
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume1487
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 1991
EventPropagation Engineering: Fourth in a Series 1991 - Orlando, United States
Duration: 1 Apr 1991 → …

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