Predictors of Long Term Outcomes in 11,441 Consecutive Patients Following Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

Uri Landes, Ran Kornowski, Abid Assali, Hana Vaknin-Assa, Gabriel Greenberg, Eli I. Lev, Tamir Bental

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Given the vicissitudes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) technology, epidemiology, and mode of practice, the aim of this study was to define contemporary outcome predictors in a very large consecutive patient cohort. Data from 11,441 consecutive patients who underwent PCI at a tertiary medical center from April 2004 to September 2013 are presented. A comprehensive database was built using various data sources, with outcome end points defined as all-cause mortality and as a composite of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction during follow-up. Candidate variables to influence outcome were chosen a priori and were tested using multivariate time-dependent models to estimate each interaction. Mean follow-up was 5.5 years (range 3 months to 9.5 years). The cohort consisted of 75% men, 42% patients with diabetes, and 61% patients who underwent PCI in acute coronary syndrome settings and 7.8% for ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Drug-eluting stents were used in 43.4% of patients, bare-metal stents in 52%, and balloon angioplasty alone in 4.6%. In multivariate analysis, in addition to already well-recognized predictors of death or myocardial infarction such as advanced age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.031, p <0.001), female gender (HR 1.23, p <0.001), urgent setting (HR 1.23, p <0.001) and diabetes mellitus (HR 1.28, p <0.001), we particularly noted previous anemia (HR 1.55 p <0.001), previous chronic kidney injury (HR 1.93, p <0.001) and previous moderate to severe left ventricular dysfunction (HR 2.29, p <0.001). Drug-eluting stent placement was associated with better outcomes (HR 0.70, p <0.001). In conclusion, this analysis confirms the effect of some known predictors of PCI outcomes. However, the extent of their effect is modest, while other predictors may have a greater influence on outcomes. Risk stratification of PCI patients should take into account kidney injury, anemia, and left ventricular function. Drug-eluting stents provide sustained benefit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)855-859
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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