Preemptive Analgesia in Hip Arthroscopy: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Preemptive Periacetabular or Intra-articular Bupivacaine in Addition to Postoperative Intra-articular Bupivacaine

Amir Shlaifer, Zachary Tuvya Sharfman, Hal David Martin, Eyal Amar, Efi Kazum, Yaniv Warschawski, Matan Paret, Silviu Brill, Michael Drexler, Ehud Rath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate and compare the efficacy of intra-articular and periacetabular blocks for postoperative pain control after hip arthroscopy. Methods Forty-two consecutive patients scheduled for hip arthroscopy were randomized into 2 postoperative pain control groups. One group received preemptive intra-articular 20 mL of bupivacaine 0.5% injection, and the second group received preemptive periacetabular 20 mL of bupivacaine 0.5% injection. Before closure all patients received an additional dose of 20 mL of bupivacaine 0.5% intra-articularly. Data were compared with respect to postoperative pain with visual analog scale (VAS) and analgesic consumption, documented in a pain diary for 2 weeks after surgery. Results Twenty-one patients were treated with intra-articular injection, and 21 patients with peri-acetabular injection. There were no significant differences with regards to patient demographics or surgical procedures. VAS scores recorded during the first 30 minutes postoperatively and 18 hours after surgery were significantly lower in the periacetabular group compared with in the intra-articular group (0.667 ± 1.49 vs 2.11 ± 2.29; P < .045 and 2.62 ± 2.2 vs 4.79 ± 2.6; P <.009). There were no differences between the groups with regard to analgesic consumption. Conclusions Periacetabular injection of bupivacaine 0.5% was superior to intra-articular injection in pain reduction after hip arthroscopy at 30 minutes and 18 hours postoperatively. However, total analgesic consumption over the first 2 postoperative weeks and VAS pain measurements were not significantly affected. Level of Evidence Level I, randomized controlled trial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-124
Number of pages7
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

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