In April 1994, the Shuttle Radar Laboratory (SRL-1) obtained quad-polarization data in L-band (λ = 24 cm) and C-band (λ = 5.6 cm) and VV-polarized data in X-band (λ = 3 cm). Preliminary analyses show that radar backscatter coefficients (σ°) can be used to map the aerodynamic roughness parameter, z0, over large areas from orbit, as demonstrated by comparisons with measurements of z0 obtained in the field. Although all wavelengths and polarizations show fairly good correlations with z0 (r = 0.78), L-band HV shows the best relationship (r = 0.81). This result has potential use in regional studies of sand and dust transport, modeling atmospheric circulation, and general climate studies. SRL images of aeolian landforms were also studied, including dunes, sand sheets, and wind streaks. Dunes in the Stovepipe Wells area of Death Valley were clearly visible on L-band HV images, but not detected on C-band images. In the same area, L-band penetrated a sand sheet to reveal a buried fault scarp. L-band images in Namibia showed the classic linear dunes near Gobabeb and also revealed previously undetected sets of “cross dunes.” Wind streaks were imaged in several areas, including Namibia where streaks are associated with the impact crater, Roter Kamm. These features enable mapping of near surface wind patterns.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 1995|