Preparedness for earthquake disaster: Optimal deployment of emergency treatment

Simona Cohen Kadosh, Zilla Sinuany-Stern, Yuval Bitan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The official framework of the earthquake preparation policy in Israel presumes that care for all casualties is the main concern and as so defined the necessity of deploying Emergency Treatment Sites (ETS) as part of disaster logistics. These treatment sites will provide medical first aid during the first 72 hours to moderate and lightly injured casualties. While authorities define only one kind of ETS, equipped and positioned in advance, defined here as static ETS, our optimization model suggests adding new mobile ETS that participate under command of the static ETS. These mobile ETS will be equipped and positioned only after an event occurs. The model is based on minimizing distance on network hierarchical location problems with “soft” constraints, where a set of destruction locations, including casualties and sets of candidate static and mobile ETS are given. The destruction sites and number of casualties are based on Hazus software prediction for a specific area and damage scenario, while the candidate ETS locations are suggested according to emergency safety instructions. The research scenario assumes that a mobile ETS will be connected only to one destruction site and one static ETS within defined maximal distance. A static ETS can serve several sites. The model we developed will provide the best recommended locations for both static and mobile ETS, that can handle the maximum casualties at minimum duration under given restrictions. Those planned facilities can help minimize uncertainty of policy makers at disaster logistics during the first hours, saving more lives.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication14th International Conference on Industrial Logistics, ICIL 2018 - Conference Proceedings
EditorsYuval Cohen, Zilla Sinuany-Stern
Publisherהוצאת אוניברסיטת בן-גוריון בנגב
Pages55-62
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9789655725735
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
Event14th International Conference on Industrial Logistics, ICIL 2018 - Beer-Sheva, Israel
Duration: 15 May 201817 May 2018

Publication series

Name14th International Conference on Industrial Logistics, ICIL 2018 - Conference Proceedings

Conference

Conference14th International Conference on Industrial Logistics, ICIL 2018
Country/TerritoryIsrael
CityBeer-Sheva
Period15/05/1817/05/18

Keywords

  • Deployment
  • Disaster logistic
  • Earthquake
  • Goal programing
  • Healthcare preparedness
  • Network location

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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