Pressure resistance of glass capillaries for hydrogen storage

Kai Holtappels, Martin Beckmann-Kluge, Marek Gebauer, Dan Eliezer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

A crucial problem in the development of new hydrogen technologies is the need for lightweight and safe storage of acceptable amounts of hydrogen, in particular for portable or mobile applications. A new and innovative technology based on capillary arrays has been developed. These systems ensure the safe infusion, storage, and controlled release of hydrogen gas, even when storage pressures of up to 1200 bar are applied. This technology enables the storage of a significantly higher amount of hydrogen than other approaches. It has already surpassed the US Department of Energy's 2010 target, and is expected to meet the DOE's 2015 target in the near future. The main determinant in this storage technology is the pressure resistance of glass capillaries. It is well known that quartz, for example, is three times stronger than steel. At the same time, the density is about three times lower which means that much less material is necessary to reach the same pressure resistance. The pressure resistance of single capillaries has been determined in relation to various capillary materials and dimensions, wall thicknesses etc. in order to find out optimal parameters for the "final" capillaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-18
Number of pages5
JournalMaterialpruefung/Materials Testing
Volume53
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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