Prevalence of antibodies to human cytomegalovirus in Urban, Kibbutz, and bedouin children in southern Israel

Batia Sarov, Lechaim Naggan, Rely Rosenzveig, Shira Katz, Hava Haikin, Israel Sarov

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    24 Scopus citations


    Prevalence of antibody to human cytomegalovirus (CMV) was determined in a sample of 860 healthy children aged 1–13 years in Beer Sheva, in the Negev region of Israel. Three groups of children were tested: (1) urban Jewish children of low, middle, and high socioeconomic levels; (2) 8 rural communes (kibbutz) in which children live in close contact with each other from the 6th week of life under good hygienic conditions and a high standard of living; (3) Bedouin, seminomadic Arabs living in relatively poor hygienic conditions in the desert. Kibbutz children showed a significantly higher rate of CMV seropositivity by the second year of life than urban Jewish and Bedouin children (76% versus 44% and 54% respectively) with a gradual increase to 94% in the 10–13‐year age group. Among children living in urban populations a significantly higher prevalence of CMV seropositivity was associated with crowding, but not with other socioeconomic indicators (place of residence, country of origin, or education level of parents). A marked rise of CMV seropositivity with age was found in urban Jewish children in the 2–5‐year age group during which time they attend nurseries (44% to 67%) and in the Bedouin children in the 6–9‐year age group (59% to 86%) when they first attend school. The data suggest that close contact is of major importance in CMV infection in childhood. The clinical implications of early acquisition and high prevalence of CMV antibodies in the kibbutz setting are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)195-201
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Medical Virology
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - 1 Jan 1982


    • childhood
    • human cytomegalovirus
    • seroepidemiology

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Virology
    • Infectious Diseases


    Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence of antibodies to human cytomegalovirus in Urban, Kibbutz, and bedouin children in southern Israel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this