Prevalence of hepatitis B antigen among army inductees

N. Egoz, L. Naggan, A. Feingold, S. Bar Shany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

18,833 consecutive army inductees from the Tel Aviv and Central Districts in Israel were examined for hepatitis B surface antigen (HB(S)Ag) by the counterelectrophoresis technique. The overall prevalence was 1.36%, with a higher rate for males (1.84%) than for females (0.78%). The highest rates were observed among Jews of North African and Yemenite origin (4.14 and 3.97%, respectively) and the lowest rate was found among Jews of European origin (0.31%). There was a negative correlation between the prevalence of HB(S)Ag and the level of education. If we assume that the prevalence of HB(S)Ag in a population reflects the rate of infection with hepatitis B virus interacting with host factors, the results of this study support the hypothesis that infections with type B hepatitis in Israel occur mainly during childhood, more frequently among the lower socioeconomic classes, and with a predilection of either the infection or of the chronic carrier state for males and certain ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-780
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume11
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1975
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering

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