Prevalence of left ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction among patients with congenital dyserythropoietic anemia Type 1 (CDA1)

Hadar Abramovich-Yoffe, Aryeh Shalev, Orit Barrett, Hanna Shalev, Aviva Levitas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type 1 (CDA1) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by macrocytic anemia, ineffective erythropoiesis, and secondary hemochromatosis. Left-ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a cardiomyopathy that is commonly attributed to intrauterine arrest of normal compaction during the endomyocardial morphogenesis. LV hypertrabeculation/noncompaction (LVHT/NC) morphology, however, might exist in various hemoglobinopathies. Our primary objective was to determine whether the pattern of LVHT/NC is more prevalent among patients with CDA1, in comparison to subjects without CDA1, and to find potential risk factors for LVHT/NC among these patients. Our secondary objective was to evaluate the clinical implication of LVHT/NC. Methods: We retrospectively assessed 32 CDA1 patients (median age 17.5, range 6–61) that underwent routine assessment of iron overload by cardiac magnetic resonance. Number and distribution of noncompacted LV segments were assessed in CDA1 patients and compared to 64 age- and gender-matched patients without CDA1. The ratio of noncompacted to compacted myocardium (NC/C ratio) in end-diastole was calculated for each of the three long-axis views. NC/C ratio > 2.3 was considered diagnostic for LVHT/NC. Results: In multivariate analysis, the presence of CDA1 was independently associated with NC/C ratio > 2.3, a feature of LVHT/NC (adjusted OR = 11.46, 95%CI = 2.6–50.68, p = .001). CDA1 was strongly associated with increased number of myocardial segments exhibiting LVHT/NC pattern. Cardiac volumes and ejection fraction were preserved without clinical adverse events in long term follow-up. Conclusions: CDA1 patients have a higher prevalence of LVHT/NC than normal individuals, independent of myocardial iron overload and without effect on ejection fraction or clinical outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-102
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia
  • Left ventricular hypertrabeculation
  • Noncompaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence of left ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction among patients with congenital dyserythropoietic anemia Type 1 (CDA1)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this