Prevention of Pregnancy Loss: Combining Progestogen Treatment and Psychological Support

Nana Tetruashvili, Alice Domar, Asher Bashiri

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


    Pregnancy loss can be defined as a loss before either 20 or 24 weeks of gestation (based on the first day of the last menstrual period) or the loss of an embryo or fetus less than 400 g in weight if the gestation age is unknown. Approximately 23 million pregnancy losses occur worldwide every year, equating to 15–20% of all clinically recognized pregnancies. A pregnancy loss is usually associated with physical consequences, such as early pregnancy bleeding ranging in severity from spotting to hemorrhage. However, it can also be associated with profound psychological distress, which can be felt by both partners and may include feelings of denial, shock, anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and suicide. Progesterone plays a key part in the maintenance of a pregnancy, and progesterone supplementation has been assessed as a preventative measure in patients at increased risk of experiencing a pregnancy loss. The primary objective of this piece is to assess the evidence for various progestogen formulations in the treatment of threatened and recurrent pregnancy loss, postulating that an optimal treatment plan would preferably include a validated psychological support tool as an adjunct to appropriate pharmacological treatment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1827
    JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
    Issue number5
    StatePublished - 1 Mar 2023


    • dydrogesterone
    • pregnancy loss
    • progesterone
    • progestogen
    • psychological support

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (all)


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