PrLZ is expressed in normal prostate development and in human prostate cancer progression

Ruoxiang Wang, Jianchun Xu, Nicola Mabjeesh, Guodong Zhu, Jianguang Zhou, Mahul Amin, Dalin He, Fray F. Marshall, Haiyen E. Zhau, Leland W.K. Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We previously reported the isolation and characterization of PrLZ, a novel prostate-specific and androgen-responsive gene of the tumor protein D52 family at chromosome 8q21.1. PrLZ is the only known gene in this locus with prostate specificity. Expression level of PrLZ was elevated specifically in cancer cells, suggesting its association with malignancy. Experimental Design: To define its biological function in themorphogenesis, development, and functional maturation of the prostate gland and to gain further insight into its role in prostate cancer, we examined PrLZ expression in prostate specimens during early embryonic development and in adult tissue. Results: PrLZ first appears in the nuclei of the prostate epithelia at 16 weeks of gestation before its distribution in the cytoplasm at later ages. Its expression peaks at 24 years of age, declines at 31 years of age, and maintains a minimal level in later age. On prostate cancer development, PrLZ expression is reactivated, and its expression increases from primary localized tumor to bone metastasis. Overexpression of PrLZ in prostate cancer cells accelerates their growth in vitro and tumor formation in vivo. Conclusion: This work identifies PrLZ as amarker for prostate cancer progression and metastasis, and its pattern of expressionis suggestive of a proto-oncogene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6040-6048
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume13
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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