Prognostic Effect of Ultra-Staging Node-Negative Colon Cancer Without Adjuvant Chemotherapy: A Prospective National Cancer Institute-Sponsored Clinical Trial

Mladjan Protic, Alexander Stojadinovic, Aviram Nissan, Zev Wainberg, Scott R. Steele, David C. Chen, Itzhak Avital, Anton J. Bilchik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background We recently reported, in a prospective randomized trial, that ultra-staging of patients with colon cancer is associated with significantly improved disease-free survival (DFS) compared with conventional staging. That trial did not control for lymph node (LN) number or adjuvant chemotherapy use. Study Design The current international prospective multicenter cooperative group trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00949312; "Ultra-staging in Early Colon Cancer") evaluates the 12-LN quality measure and nodal ultra-staging impact on DFS in patients not receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. Eligibility criteria included biopsy-proven colon adenocarcinoma; absence of metastatic disease; >12 LNs staged pathologically; pan-cytokeratin immunohistochemistry (IHC) of hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-negative LNs; and no adjuvant chemotherapy. Results Of 445 patients screened, 203 patients were eligible. The majority of patients had intermediate grade (57.7%) and T3 tumors (64.9%). At a mean follow-up of 36.8 ± 22.1 months (range 0 to 97 months), 94.3% remain disease free. Recurrence was least likely in patients with ≥12 LNs, H&E-negative LNs, and IHC-negative LNs (pN0i-): 2.6% vs 16.7% in the pN0i+ group (p < 0.0001). Conclusions This is the first prospective report to demonstrate that patients with optimally staged node-negative colon cancer (≥12 LNs, pN0i-) are unlikely to benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy; 97% remain disease free after primary tumor resection. Both surgical and pathologic quality measures are imperative in planning clinical trials in nonmetastatic colon cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7913
Pages (from-to)643-651
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume221
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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