Project PAVE (Personality And Vision Experimentation): Role of personal and interpersonal resilience in the perception of emotional facial expression

Michal Tanzer, Golan Shahar, Galia Avidan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of the proposed theoretical model is to illuminate personal and interpersonal resilience by drawing from the field of emotional face perception. We suggest that perception/recognition of emotional facial expressions serves as a central link between subjective, self-related processes and the social context. Emotional face perception constitutes a salient social cue underlying interpersonal communication and behavior. Because problems in communication and interpersonal behavior underlie most, if not all, forms of psychopathology, it follows that perception/recognition of emotional facial expressions impacts psychopathology. The ability to accurately interpret one's facial expression is crucial in subsequently deciding on an appropriate course of action. However, perception in general, and of emotional facial expressions in particular, is highly influenced by individuals' personality and the self-concept. Herein we briefly outline well-established theories of personal and interpersonal resilience and link them to the neuro-cognitive basis of face perception. We then describe the findings of our ongoing program of research linking two well-established resilience factors, general self-efficacy (GSE) and perceived social support (PSS), with face perception. We conclude by pointing out avenues for future research focusing on possible genetic markers and patterns of brain connectivity associated with the proposed model. Implications of our integrative model to psychotherapy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number602
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume8
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Angry expression
  • Biased emotion recognition
  • General self-efficacy
  • Happy expression
  • Perceived social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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