Property Modulation of Graphene Oxide Incorporated with TiO2for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Amanpal Singh, Yogesh Kumar Saini, Anuj Kumar, Sanjeev Gautam, Dinesh Kumar, Viresh Dutta, Han Koo Lee, Jongsu Lee, Sanjay Kumar Swami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Graphene oxide (GO) nano-powder is synthesized by the modified Hummer's method, and further thin films are deposited by using the water solution of GO through spin-coating. These films are thermally reduced along with the synthesized GO nano-powder at 50 to 200 °C in a high vacuum. Microstructural, electrical, and optical properties are expectedly controlled by thermal reduction. The electronic properties of GO are investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure. The reduction is confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. The work function and band gap of GO are tuned with the thermal reduction. The changes in properties of GO are not linear, and anomalous changes are observed for the reduction around 150 °C. Pristine and reduced GO nano-powder is incorporated into TiO2 paste to be the photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). It is observed that the performance of the fabricated cells is significantly enhanced for the GO reduced at 150 °C, and the cell exhibited a significant increment of ∼23% for the power conversion efficiency in comparison to DSSC based on an unmodified TiO2 photoanode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44170-44179
Number of pages10
JournalACS Omega
Issue number48
StatePublished - 6 Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Chemistry


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