We give a distributed algorithm in the CONGEST model for property testing of planarity with one-sided error in general (unbounded-degree) graphs. Following Censor-Hillel et al. (DISC 2016), who recently initiated the study of property testing in the distributed setting, our algorithm gives the following guarantee: For a graph G = (V, E) and a distance parameter, if G is planar, then every node outputs accept, and if G is -far from being planar (i.e., more than · |E| edges need to be removed in order to make G planar), then with probability 1 − 1/poly(n) at least one node outputs reject. The algorithm runs in O(log |V | · poly(1/)) rounds, and we show that this result is tight in terms of the dependence on |V |. Our algorithm combines several techniques of graph partitioning and local verification of planar embeddings. Furthermore, we show how a main subroutine in our algorithm can be applied to derive additional results for property testing of cycle-freeness and bipartiteness, as well as the construction of spanners, in minor-free (unweighted) graphs.