Propofol versus midazolam for conscious sedation guided by processed EEG during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: A prospective, randomized, double-blind study

P. Krugliak, B. Ziff, Y. Rusabrov, A. Rosenthal, A. Fich, G. M. Gurman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and study aims: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a complex procedure, which requires appropriate sedation. The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to compare the quality and characteristics of sedation with midazolam or propofol in patients undergoing ERCP. Patients and methods: A total of 32 patients undergoing ERCP were randomly allocated for sedation with propofol (n = 15) or midazolam (n = 17). Blood pressure, heart rate, and O2 saturation were monitored. Sedation was maintained at near constant levels by use of the spectral edge frequency (SEF) technique, an EEG-based method for measuring the depth of sedation. Clinical variables, patient cooperation, time to recovery, and amnesia served as outcome variables. Results: There was no significant difference between the two study groups in patient characteristics. The 'target SEF' was 13.6 ± 0.7 Hz for the propofol group and 14.8 ± 1.1 Hz for the midazolam group (n.s.). The only clinical parameter with a significant difference between the groups was the percent of time in which the heart rate deviated more than 20% from baseline for at least 2 minutes, i.e. 14.6 ± 2.0% for propofol and 48.2 ± 38.0% for midazolam (P < 0.01). Patient cooperation was better in the propofol group than in the midazolam group (full cooperation, 13/15 vs. 1/17, respectively; P < 0.001). Patient recovery was significantly quicker in the propofol group (P < 0.001). The degree of amnesia was similar in both groups; no patient in either group remembered details of the procedure. Conclusions: ERCP is better tolerated by patients sedated with propofol compared with midazolam, with a shorter recovery time and lesser hemodynamic side effects. Propofol should be considered to be the sedative drug of choice for ERCP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677-682
Number of pages6
JournalEndoscopy
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Sep 2000

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Propofol versus midazolam for conscious sedation guided by processed EEG during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: A prospective, randomized, double-blind study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this