Ram seminal vesicle microsomes, a rich source of prostaglandin H synthase-1, were incubated with 100 nM of the prostaglandin H synthase-2 inhibitors N-(2-cyclohexyloxy-4-nitrophenyl) methanesulfonamide (NS-398) and 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-(4-methylsulfonyl) thiophene (DuP-697) prior to exposure to the prostaglandin H synthase inhibitors aspirin, indomethacin, ibuprofen or naproxen. Activity of the enzyme was measured by following the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin E2 and prostaglandin F2α. Although prostaglandin H synthase-1 activity was not altered by these concentrations of the prostaglandin H synthase-2 inhibitors, it was found that exposure to these agents prior to aspirin or indomethacin (irreversible prostaglandin H synthase inhibitors) significantly attenuated the inhibition obtained by the latter inhibitors. On the other hand, the same concentrations of the prostaglandin H synthase-2 inhibitors did not interfere with prostaglandin H synthase-1 inhibition that was induced by naproxen or ibuprofen (competitive prostaglandin H synthase inhibitors). Attenuation of the indomethacin inhibition of prostaglandin H synthase-1 by prostaglandin H synthase-2 inhibitors was observed only when the microsomes were pre-exposed to DuP-697 or NS-398 in the absence, but not in the presence, of arachidonic acid. The effect of DuP-697 was found to be irreversible, however, washing away the agent reversed the action of NS-398. Similar phenomena have been reported by us in bovine aortic endothelial cells and in human dermal fibroblasts. Attenuation of the inhibition by aspirin and indomethacin, without altering the enzyme's basal activity or the inhibition induced by ibuprofen or naproxen may suggest the possibility that the prostaglandin H synthase-2 specific inhibitors DuP-697 and NS-398 affect prostaglandin H synthase-1 by interaction with a site different from the enzyme's catalytic site.
- Prostaglandin H synthase-1
- Prostaglandin H synthase-2
- Seminal vesicle microsome, ram