Protein kinase C group B members PKC-δ, -ε, -ζ and PKC-L(η). Comparison of properties of recombinant proteins in vitro and in vivo

M. Liyanage, D. Frith, E. Livneh, S. Stabel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

Of the recently identified protein kinase C (PKC) types of group B (δ, ε, ζ, η, PKC-L), only PKC-ε has been characterized in great detail. In order to compare the regulatory and catalytic properties of these new kinases, we have expressed PKC-δ, -ε, -ζ and PKC-L as recombinant proteins from their cDNAs in insect cells via baculovirus vectors and in mammalian COS-1 cells. After expression in insect cells, phorbol ester binding and kinase activities of the group B enzymes were compared with the respective activities of a member of group A, PKC-γ. Although PKC-δ and PKC-L(η) bind phorbol ester to a similar or the same extent as PKC-γ, they show a distinctively different behaviour towards conventional PKC substrates such as histone, myelin basic protein, protamine and protamine sulphate, suggesting either that phorbol esters are not able to fully activate these enzymes or that their substrate specificities are very different from those of the group A enzymes. PKC-ζ, a polypeptide of 80 kDa, does not bind phorbol ester and does not phosphorylate these substrates to a significant extent. Consistent with their ability to bind phorbol ester, recombinant PKC-δ and PKC-ε are down-regulated in COS cells by prolonged treatment with phorbol ester, whereas PKC-ζ protein levels remain unaltered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-787
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume283
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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