PTB7 as an Ink-Additive for Spin-Coated Versus Inkjet-Printed Perovskite Solar Cells

Chandra Shakher Pathak, Gopinath Paramasivam, Florian Mathies, Katrin Hirselandt, Vincent Schröder, Oliver Maus, Janardan Dagar, Carola Klimm, Eva Unger, Iris Visoly-Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


We report on the fabrication and optimization of Cs0.05FA0.79MA0.16Pb(Br0.17I0.83)3 perovskite solar cells from inks containing the polymer PTB7 as an additive, comparing spin-coating and inkjet printing as deposition methods. Spin-coated devices exhibited a maximum power conversion efficiency of 17.75% but showed little difference between samples with and without the polymer ink additive. For inkjet-printed devices, the combined optimization of printing parameters and the amount of the polymer additive in the precursor ink enabled a perovskite layer with increased quality. In comparison, devices with added PTB7 improved the power conversion efficiency to 10.35% as compared to 8.0% for cells prepared without the polymer additive. The effect is attributed to the modified crystallization dynamics of the perovskite layer by the PTB7 addition after inkjet printing and improved quality of the resulting perovskite layers. We found that the effect of the polymer additive on film formation in spin-coated samples was obscured when using an antisolvent drip, but the incorporation of PTB7 has a positive effect on the opto-electronic quality of thin films, indicated by the increased grain size and the photoluminescence quantum yield. Our results emphasize the technological potential of polymer additives in perovskite precursor inks when using scalable manufacturing processes, such as inkjet printing, where the control and induction of controlled crystallization are more difficult to implement by additional quenching steps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4085-4095
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - 25 Apr 2022


  • PTB7
  • additive
  • inkjet printing
  • perovskite
  • polymer perovskite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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