Pulmonary Delivery of Voriconazole Loaded Nanoparticles Providing a Prolonged Drug Level in Lungs: A Promise for Treating Fungal Infection

Pranab Jyoti Das, Paramita Paul, Biswajit Mukherjee, Bhaskar Mazumder, Laboni Mondal, Rinku Baishya, Mita Chatterjee Debnath, Kumar Saurav Dey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Current therapies are insufficient to prevent recurrent fungal infection especially in the lower part of the lung. A careful and systematic understanding of the properties of nanoparticles plays a significant role in the design, development, optimization, and in vivo performances of the nanoparticles. In the present study, PLGA nanoparticles containing the antifungal drug voriconazole was prepared and two best formulations were selected for further characterization and in vivo studies. The nanoparticles and the free drug were radiolabeled with technetium-99m with 90% labeling efficiency, and the radiolabeled particles were administered to investigate the effect on their blood clearance, biodistribution, and in vivo gamma imaging. In vivo deposition of the drug in the lobes of the lung was studied by LC-MS/MS study. The particles were found to be spherical and had an average hydrodynamic diameter of 300 nm with a smooth surface. The radiolabeled particles and the free drug were found to accumulate in various major organs. Drug accumulation was more pronounced in the lung in the case of administration of the nanoparticles than that of the free drug. The free drug was found to be excreted more rapidly than the nanoparticle containing drug following the inhalation route as assessed by gamma scintigraphy study. Thus, the study reveals that pulmonary administration of nanoparticles containing voriconazole could be a better therapeutic choice even as compared to the iv route of administration of the free drug and/or the drug loaded nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2651-2664
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Pharmaceutics
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biodistribution
  • clearance
  • gamma imaging
  • lungs
  • nanoparticles
  • pulmonary drug delivery
  • radiolabeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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