Pulmonary involvement in Niemann-Pick C type 1

Orna Staretz-Chacham, M. Aviram, I. Morag, A. Goldbart, E. Hershkovitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in either NPC-1 or NPC-2 genes, resulting in abnormal intracellular cholesterol trafficking. The estimated prevalence of NPC disease is 1: 120,000–150,000. Lung involvement has been described in only few patients with NPC, mostly NPC2. We describe a series of 12 patients, originating from six families all homozygotes to the p.R404Q (c.1211G > A) mutation of NPC1 gene; nine of them had significant pulmonary manifestations. All patients were followed in our medical center. Nine of the patients had pulmonary involvement, with recurrent pneumonia as the first manifestation in most, followed by recurrent wheezing episodes and subsequent development of interstitial lung disease with chronic need for oxygen support. Seven patients were reported of having interstitial disease by various imaging modalities. Conclusion: Pulmonary involvement in NPC1 is more common than previously reported. It is characterized as primary obstructive and restrictive lung disease and not only as part of neurologic sequel of NPC. It can lead to respiratory insufficiency and death from respiratory failure.What is Known:• Lung involvement has been described in only few patients with NPC.• Most reported NPC cases with pulmonary involvement were of NPC2.What is New:• Pulmonary involvement in NPC1 is more common than previously reported.• Pulmonary involvement in NPC1 should be considered as part of the disease and be thoroughly assessed and managed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1609-1615
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume177
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Cholesterol trafficking
  • Mutation R404Q
  • Niemann-Pick C1 disease
  • Pulmonary involvement
  • Respiratory failure

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