TY - UNPB

T1 - Push-Down Trees

T2 - Optimal Self-Adjusting Complete Trees.

AU - Avin, Chen

AU - Mondal, Kaushik

AU - Schmid, Stefan

N1 - DBLP License: DBLP's bibliographic metadata records provided through http://dblp.org/ are distributed under a Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. Although the bibliographic metadata records are provided consistent with CC0 1.0 Dedication, the content described by the metadata records is not. Content may be subject to copyright, rights of privacy, rights of publicity and other restrictions.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - This paper studies a fundamental algorithmic problem related to the design of demand-aware networks: networks whose topologies adjust toward the traffic patterns they serve, in an online manner. The goal is to strike a tradeoff between the benefits of such adjustments (shorter routes) and their costs (reconfigurations). In particular, we consider the problem of designing a self-adjusting tree network which serves single-source, multi-destination communication. The problem has interesting connections to self-adjusting datastructures. We present two constant-competitive online algorithms for this problem, one randomized and one deterministic. Our approach is based on a natural notion of Most Recently Used (MRU) tree, maintaining a working set. We prove that the working set is a cost lower bound for any online algorithm, and then present a randomized algorithm RANDOM-PUSH which approximates such an MRU tree at low cost, by pushing less recently used communication partners down the tree, along a random walk. Our deterministic algorithm MOVE-HALF does not directly maintain an MRU tree, but its cost is still proportional to the cost of an MRU tree, and also matches the working set lower bound.

AB - This paper studies a fundamental algorithmic problem related to the design of demand-aware networks: networks whose topologies adjust toward the traffic patterns they serve, in an online manner. The goal is to strike a tradeoff between the benefits of such adjustments (shorter routes) and their costs (reconfigurations). In particular, we consider the problem of designing a self-adjusting tree network which serves single-source, multi-destination communication. The problem has interesting connections to self-adjusting datastructures. We present two constant-competitive online algorithms for this problem, one randomized and one deterministic. Our approach is based on a natural notion of Most Recently Used (MRU) tree, maintaining a working set. We prove that the working set is a cost lower bound for any online algorithm, and then present a randomized algorithm RANDOM-PUSH which approximates such an MRU tree at low cost, by pushing less recently used communication partners down the tree, along a random walk. Our deterministic algorithm MOVE-HALF does not directly maintain an MRU tree, but its cost is still proportional to the cost of an MRU tree, and also matches the working set lower bound.

M3 - Preprint

BT - Push-Down Trees

ER -