Quantification of the dynamics of Orobanche cumana and Phelipanche aegyptiaca parasitism in confectionery sunflower

J. E. Ephrath, H. Eizenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The dynamics of the host-parasite relationship between sunflower and two broomrape species, Orobanche cumana and Phelipanche aegyptiaca, are temperature-related. This relationship can be quantified by thermal time as measured by growing day degrees (d °C; GDD). To obtain a reliable prediction from thermal time values, studies based on a wide range of temperatures are essential. O. cumana was found to be more suited to germination under high temperatures than P. aegyptiaca. The maximal parasite germination percentage, 79% and 49% in O. cumana and P. aegyptiaca, respectively, occurred in the two species in a similar thermal time of about 500 GDD. Although, there was significantly higher germination of O. cumana seeds compared with P. aegyptiaca under the various temperature regimes, there was no effect of temperature on the number of O. cumana attachments, when compared with P. aegyptiaca. The relationship between the progress of O. cumana and P. aegyptiaca attachments and emergence and thermal time followed a sigmoid-shaped curve. O. cumana and P. aegyptiaca biomass was found to be strongly related to thermal time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-152
Number of pages13
JournalWeed Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2010


  • Attachment
  • Broomrape
  • Day degrees
  • GDD
  • Germination
  • Helianthus annuus
  • Modelling
  • Parasitic plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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