Radical prostatectomy and postoperative radiation in patients with adenocarcinoma of prostate of intermediate and high risk for recurrence.

Endre Z. Neulander, Zev Wajsman, Graham F. Greene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To report on the outcome of patients with intermediate and high risk of recurrence who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP). METHODS: Eighty-five consecutive patients categorized as intermediate (17.5%) and high risk (82.5%) of failure after definitive therapy for carcinoma of prostate according to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) underwent RP between 1989 and 1997. Median preoperative PSA was 26 ng/ml (range 15 ng/ml-91 ng/ml). Fifty-nine patients (70%) received three months neoadjuvant hormone therapy. Thirty-six patients (42%) underwent early (three to four months after RP) adjuvant radiation for pT3 disease and/or positive surgical margins. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 58 months (range 12-104 months). There was no difference in the biochemical recurrence rate between the intermediate and high-risk group of patients. The overall relapse rate was 33%. Cancer-specific mortality was 3.5%. Patients with T1c tumors had a significantly lower biochemical recurrence rate (bRR) (7%) compared to palpable tumors (p = 0.03). Age above 65 was a significant negative prognostic factor with respect to biochemical recurrence (p = 0.01). Adjuvant radiation was associated with biochemical recurrence rates of 25% vs. 40% in patients who were not radiated (p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In the intermediate and high-risk groups of patients with nonpalpable prostate cancer, RP and adjuvant RT may provide a biochemical recurrence-free rate (bRFR) comparable to that reported in other series with RP alone on patients in the low-risk groups. We encourage the multimodality treatment approach incorporating adjuvant postoperative radiation in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-280
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society
Volume101
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

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