We develop the quantum-mechanical description of output coupling of macroscopic coherent matter waves from a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) via a radio-frequency field in the pulsed and cw limits for both strong and weak field coupling. The theory is converted into a Fock state description to point out the stimulated (in Bose particle) nature of the output coupling. A useful analogy with the theory of molecular photodissociation is used to explain the various regimes of output coupling BECs using radiation sources. We present specific calculations of the rates of output coupling as a function of the number of Bose atoms in the condensate and the frequency, detuning, and intensity of the radio-frequency field.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 1999|