Random perturbation: A potential aid in treatment of children with cerebral palsy

S. Bar-Haim, N. Harries, M. Belokopytov, E. Lahat, J. Kaplanski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background and purpose. The motor behaviour of children with cerebral palsy (CP) can be viewed in terms of a stable mode with very little flexibility that prevents adaptation to tasks. We hypothesized that the use of random perturbations (RP) would weaken excessive stability, introduce flexibility and enhance the effects of physical treatment. The objective was to evaluate the contribution of RP to gross motor function and mechanical efficiency (MEg) during intensive physiotherapy in children with CP. Methods. A convenience sample of 20 children with CP (mean age 8.2, range: 5.9 - 12.9 yrs) were matched by age and GMFCS level, and randomly assigned to structured intensive treatment (SIT) or to SIT + RP groups. Groups received one month of daily treatment. RP was applied by engine-induced random passive cycling for upper and lower limbs for up to 10-min in a 90-min treatment session. Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM)-66 and gross mechanical efficiency (MEg) during stair climbing (MEg) were measured before and after treatment. Results. GMFM-66 scores increased by about 1.0 in both groups. However, external work and MEg increased significantly more in SIT + RP than SIT. The increase in MEg in SIT + RP was independent of the level of motor function at baseline. Conclusion. The addition of RP in treatment of children with CP may have weakened previously established stereotypical motor patterns and introduced flexibility, thereby improving mechanical efficiency of a complex motor task. RP may enhance the effects of intensive treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1420-1428
Number of pages9
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Issue number19
StatePublished - 28 Oct 2008


  • Cerebral palsy
  • Dynamic system
  • Mechanical efficiency
  • Physical treatment
  • Random perturbation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation


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