Rate constants for reactions of perhaloalkylperoxyl radicals with alkenes

Z. B. Alfassi, R. E. Huie, P. Neta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Trichloro- and tribromomethylperoxyl radicals were produced by radiolytic reduction of CCl4 and CBr4 in various aerated solvents. Rate constants for the reactions of these radicals with unsaturated organic compounds were determined in methanol solutions by competition kinetics, using mainly chlorpromazine as a reference. The rate constants were in the range k = 104-107 L mol-1 s-1, and a good correlation was obtained between log k and the Taft substituent constants σ*. Steric effects were also noticeable in some cases. The reactivities of the radicals were in the order CBr3O2* < CCl3O2* < C4F9O2*, which is in contrast with the order observed in electron-transfer reactions. The rate constants for reaction of CCl3O2* with 2,3-dimethyl-2-butene (DMB) and cyclohexene (CH) were studied in 12 solvents. In all cases DMB is considerably more reactive than CH, indicating that at least in the case of DMB the reaction is predominantly via addition. The rate constant for addition of CCl3O2* to DMB varies by a factor of 7 in the different solvents. No correlation was found between these rate constants and thermodynamic or polarity parameters of the solvents, although viscosity appears to have an effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6835-6838
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Issue number26
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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