Rates of Delayed Postcochlear Implant Pain in the Pediatric Population - Role of Proactive Approach

Tomer Rotlevi, Oren Ziv, Itai Hazan, Oded Cohen, Hasan Al Jaar, Mohamad Alkrenawi, Daniel M. Kaplan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Objective To investigate the rates of delayed postoperative cochlear implantation pain (DPCIP) in the pediatric population, using a "reach-out"proactive approach. Secondary aims included the possible impact of surgery extent or the patient ethnicity on DPCIP rates. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at Soroka University Medical Center in Israel. Demographics and data regarding the surgery and surgical complications were collected from the medical records of the patients. A telephone questionnaire was conducted for parents of all children who underwent cochlear implantation (CI) between 2007 and 2020. The questions addressed pain at four time periods: during hospitalization after surgery, 3 months, 2 years, and 5 years after surgery. Results Out of 213 patients, 129 (60%) were included in this study. The mean age was 41 months (±40). Unilateral CI was performed in 72 (56%) patients. At 3 months and 2 years after surgery, 8.5% of patients reported pain (visual analog scale [VAS] ≥ 1). Five years after surgery, a slight increase in the number of patients who reported pain (12%) was observed. Of those experiencing pain 2 years and 5 years after surgery, 10/12 (83%) and 11/16 (69%), respectively, reported a new onset of the pain. Surgery extent and cultural background were not significantly associated with DPCIP rates. No correlations were found between patients complaining of pain and any surgical complications. Conclusions DPCIP rates may be underrecognized and higher than previously reported, reaching up to 12%. This long-term effect should be acknowledged and discussed with parents upon informed consent.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)890-895
    Number of pages6
    JournalOtology and Neurotology
    Volume44
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Oct 2023

    Keywords

    • Cochlear implant
    • Delayed pain
    • Pain
    • Pediatrics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Clinical Neurology
    • Sensory Systems
    • Otorhinolaryngology

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