The development of technologies for continuous measurement of nitrogen forms in the soil is essential for optimizing the application of fertilizers in agriculture and preventing water-resource pollution. However, there is no effective commercial technology available for continuous monitoring of ammonium species in soil pore water. This work investigates an approach for real-time measurement of ammonium in soil water using near-infrared transmission spectroscopy and partial least squares regression (PLSR) for spectral analysis. The PLSR model was trained using soil pore water collected from various soils spiked with ammonium to achieve a wide concentration range. The monitoring approach was then validated through transport experiments in a soil column. The results demonstrated capabilities for real-time tracking of the temporal variation in soil ammonium concentration and potential utilization in agronomical or environmental sensing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Water Science and Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law