Cultures of spleen cells from unimmunized and immunized BALB/c mice can support both direct and indirect anti-sheep erythrocyte plaque-forming responses. The responsiveness of spleen cells to this thymus-dependent sheep cell antigen can be altered by fractionation of the cells over insolubilized conjugates of histamines (H-R-S). Cells that do not adhere to H-R-S (i.e., those that pass through the columns) produce a significantly greater plaque-forming cell response than do non-chromatographed cells or cells that have passed through a control column of rabbit serum albumin-Sepharose (R-S). In contrast, the direct plaque-forming cell response of the same culture to Salmonella typhimurium lipopolysaccharide (a T-lymphocyte-independent antigen) was not significantly different in any of the groups of cells tested. In addition, spleen cell filtration over H-R-S also resulted in a significant increase in the blastogenic response to phytohemagglutinin as well as a significantly lower production of interferon in response to phytohemagglutinin. The possibility that suppressor cells (which were shown to adhere to H-R-S) produce their inhibitory effect via interferon is discussed.