Redefining meaningful age groups in the context of disease

Nophar Geifman, Raphael Cohen, Eitan Rubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Age is an important factor when considering phenotypic changes in health and disease. Currently, the use of age information in medicine is somewhat simplistic, with ages commonly being grouped into a small number of crude ranges reflecting the major stages of development and aging, such as childhood or adolescence. Here, we investigate the possibility of redefining age groups using the recently developed Age-Phenome Knowledge-base (APK) that holds over 35,000 literaturederived entries describing relationships between age and phenotype. Clustering of APK data suggests 13 new, partially overlapping, age groups. The diseases that define these groups suggest that the proposed divisions are biologically meaningful. We further show that the number of different age ranges that should be considered depends on the type of disease being evaluated. This finding was further strengthened by similar resultsobtained from clinical blood measurement data. The grouping of diseases that share a similar pattern of disease-related reports directly mirrors, in some cases, medical knowledge of disease-age relationships. In other cases, our results may be used to generate new and reasonable hypotheses regarding links between diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2357-2366
Number of pages10
JournalAge
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Age
  • Age groups
  • Clustering
  • Disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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