Reduced β-adrenergic receptor-coupled Gs protein function and Gsα immunoreactivity in mononuclear leukocytes of patients with depression

Sofia Avissar, Liza Barki-Harrington, Yakov Nechamkin, Gregori Roitman, Gabriel Schreiber

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32 Scopus citations

Abstract

β-Adrenergic receptor-coupled Gs protein function was measured in 26 depressed patients through cholera toxin-sensitive, isoproterenol-induced increases in 3H-Gpp(NH)p binding capacity to mononuclear leukocytes (MNL). Highly significant reductions in receptor-coupled Gs protein function were observed in the depressed patients: 2.0 ± 1.3% increases in guanine nucleotide-binding capacity, in comparison with the control group values of 28.3 ± 6.9%. Similar reductions in Gs protein function were detected in both uni- and bipolar depressed patients, A significant negative correlation was found between receptor-coupled Gs protein measures and the severity of depression. Adding semiquantitative measures of MNL Gsα. through immunoblot analysis by use of polyclonal antibodies against Gsα subunit, it was found that Gsα relative immunoreactivity was reduced from 100 ± 2.0% in the control group of subjects to 75.9 ± 2.3% in the depressed patients. We have previously described hyperfunctional Gs proteins in leukocytes of patients with mania. The present findings of reduced function of Gs in depressed patients suggests receptor-coupled Gs protein activity as a biochemical parameter indicatory of the affective state. Reduced receptor-coupled Gs protein function may reflect reduced levels of the β-adrenergic receptor previously shown in leukocytes of depressed patients; however, our complementary immunoblot studies suggest a direct, postreceptor, quantitative, and functional reduction in Gs protein in MNL of depressed patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-760
Number of pages6
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 1996

Keywords

  • Bipolar depression
  • Gs protein
  • Gsα immunoreactivity
  • Guanine nucleotide binding
  • Unipolar
  • β-adrenergic receptor

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