Reduction in Acute Stroke Admissions during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Data from a National Stroke Registry

Carmit Libruder, Amit Ram, Yael Hershkovitz, David Tanne, Natan M. Bornstein, Ronen R. Leker, Anat Horev, Hen Hallevi, Shlomi Peretz, David Orion, Inbar Zucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic overwhelmed health-care systems worldwide, and medical care for other acute diseases was negatively impacted. We aimed to investigate the effect of the COVID-19 outbreak on admission rates and in-hospital care for acute stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) in Israel, shortly after the start of the pandemic. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study, based on data reported to the Israeli National Stroke Registry from 7 tertiary hospitals. All hospital admissions for acute stroke or TIA that occurred between January 1 and April 30, 2020 were included. Data were stratified into 2 periods according to the timing of COVID-19 restrictions as follows: (1) "pre-pandemic"-January 1 to March 7, 2020 and (2) "pandemic"-March 8 to April 30, 2020. We compared the weekly counts of hospitalizations between the 2 periods. We further investigated changes in demographic characteristics and in some key parameters of stroke care, including the percentage of reperfusion therapies performed, time from hospital arrival to brain imaging and to thrombolysis, length of hospital stay, and in-hospital mortality. Results: 2,260 cases were included: 1,469 in the pre-COVID-19 period and 791 in the COVID-19 period. Hospital admissions significantly declined between the 2 periods, by 48% for TIA (rate ratio [RR] = 0.52; 95% CI 0.43-0.64) and by 29% for stroke (RR = 0.71; 95% CI 0.64-0.78). No significant changes were detected in demographic characteristics and in most parameters of stroke management. While the percentage of reperfusion therapies performed remained unchanged, the absolute number of patients treated with reperfusion therapies seemed to decrease. Higher in-hospital mortality was observed only for hemorrhagic stroke. Conclusion: The marked decrease in admissions for acute stroke and TIA, occurring at a time of a relatively low burden of COVID-19, is of great concern. Public awareness campaigns are needed as patients reluctant to seek urgent stroke care are deprived of lifesaving procedures and secondary prevention treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-360
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroepidemiology
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Pandemic
  • Stroke
  • Stroke care

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