Reduction of metallic ions by molten gallium under ultrasonic irradiation and interactions between the formed metals and the gallium

Vijay Bhooshan Kumar, Ilana Perelshtein, Giora Kimmel, Ze'Ev Porat, Aharon Gedanken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metallic gallium can reduce ions of silver, copper or gold in a slow spontaneous reaction to form the free metals. However, when the reduction is performed with molten gallium under ultrasonic irradiation, the gallium is dispersed into micrometric spheres and the reduction rate is enhanced dramatically. This is due to the large surface area of unoxidized gallium that is formed, on which the heterogeneous reduction occurs. Each of these metals formed also a certain amount of an intermetallic compound with the gallium: Ag2Ga, CuGa2 and AuGa2. Zinc has a more negative reduction potential than gallium and therefore no reduction of zinc ions was expected. Nevertheless we conducted an experiment using a solution of zinc ions to check whether the extremely high temperature that develops near the surface of the particles during cavitation can overcome the energetic barrier for such reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-544
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume637
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Gallium
  • Intermetallic compounds
  • Nanoparticles
  • Reduction
  • Ultrasonic cavitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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