Regulation of pancreatic lipase by dietary medium chain triglycerides in the weanling rat

Ruth Z. Birk, Patsy M. Brannon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    17 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Pancreatic lipase (PL) and its related protein 1 (PLRP1) are regulated by the amount of dietary fat through an apparent transcriptional mechanism. Regulation of PL and PLRP1 by type of fat (chain length and degree of saturation) is less well understood. The aim of this study was to determine whether medium-chain triglycerides regulate PL and PLRP1. For 7 d, weanling (21-d-old) Sprague Dawley male rats were fed diets low (11% of energy), moderate (40% of energy), or high (67% of energy) in trioctanoate/tridecanoate (MCT) or safflower (low fat only) oils. Food consumption decreased as dietary MCT increased, and the consumption of MCT diets was lower than that of the lows-afflower (control) diet. Final body weight was similar among rats fed the low- or moderate-MCT or control diets, but was significantly reduced (17%) in those fed the high-MCT diets. PL activity was significantly elevated 53-60% (p < 0.002) in rats fed low and moderate MCT diets, respectively, compared with that of rats fed high-MCT or control diets. PL and PLRP1 mRNA levels were not significantly different among diets, suggesting that chain length regulates PL and PLRP1 translationally or posttranslationally. The β-hydroxybutyrate plasma concentration was significantly (p < 0.02) higher (85%) in rats consuming low-MCT diet compared with those of rats fed the control diet. MCT at low levels, but not high levels, increase PL activity without changing its mRNA levels.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)921-926
    Number of pages6
    JournalPediatric Research
    Volume55
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Jun 2004

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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