Relationships among visual acuity demands, convergence, and nystagmus in patients with manifest/latent nystagmus

Libe Gradstein, Herschel P. Goldstein, Sheryl S. Wizov, Takao Hayashi, Robert D. Reinecke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We investigated the role convergence plays in nystagmus dampening, in particular, relationships among visual acuity demands, convergence, and nystagmus. Previously we showed that subjects with idiopathic infantile nystagmus exhibit a range of responses to acuity targets, one of which is nystagmus blockage syndrome. We report herein eye movement responses to acuity targets of patients with manifest/latent nystagmus. Methods: Fourteen patients, 11 with latent or manifest latent nystagmus and 3 with combined manifest latent with infantile nystagmus, were asked to indicate the direction of the gap in Landolt C optotypes while their eye movements were recorded. Results: The tested patients exhibited various responses to acuity demands: (1) dampening of nystagmus with convergence (i.e., nystagmus blockage syndrome) (5/14 patients), (2) changes in vergence without nystagmus dampening (2 patients), (3) decrease of nystagmus without convergence (2 patients), and (4) little change in nystagmus or vergence (5 patients). In nystagmus blockage syndrome the amount of convergence increased with acuity demands in two of five patients and the convergence duration in four of five patients; nystagmus dampening increased with acuity demands in one of five patients and the blockage duration in four of five patients. Conclusions: Many, but not all, patients with manifest/latent nystagmus, similar to those with infantile nystagmus, used convergence to dampen their nystagmus. The convergence response tended to increase with acuity demands, but the amount of dampening was idiosyncratic and not predictably related to the measured convergence across patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-229
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of AAPOS
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1998
Externally publishedYes

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